Important Considerations to Make Before you Embark on Indoor Gardening
Indoor gardening is a welcome alternative farming method for individuals who lack enough outdoor space or if the weather conditions do not favor outdoor gardening. However, for others, they use it to grow starter plants for an outdoor garden as they await spring. With indoor gardening, you will be not only able to produce your own healthy, fresh foods but also save big at the grocery store. Plants also improve the aesthetics of your home and cleanse the air in your household. An indoor garden can take up as little or as much space as you are willing to afford it.
With so many misconceptions and mysteries surrounding indoor gardening, it can be hard to start indoor growing if you don’t find the right and helpful information. This guide is a detailed insight to help you understand what you need to know before you join the indoor gardening craze.
Plants need to photosynthesize for them to thrive and this is why lighting is of such importance to indoor growing as well. Therefore, make sure you purchase adequate grow lights for your indoor garden depending on how much light you need. You can choose the lights from the wide array of options in the market, which makes it a daunting task to choose one. Some of the common types include fluorescent lamps, incandescent lamps, High-intensity Discharge bulbs and the newer LED grow lights. All these grow lights tend to range in cost and effectiveness. Therefore, consider the advantages and disadvantages of each and pick the ones suited for your needs. You can learn more about the best grow lights for your needs from numerous online sites such as LumiGrowth among others so as to make an informed decision.
If you want to succeed with your indoor gardening project, you must use a good planting medium. It’s not advisable to use soil from outdoors as it is too heavy and may also contain pests, or weed seeds. The most appropriate medium is a mix that is formulated specifically for indoor gardening. It should include sufficient organic matter to hold moisture and nutrients and also be able to remain loose and drain well. You can buy the ideal mix from the wide range of commercial organic blends that offer an ideal environment for seedlings to thrive.
Some people would prefer growing indoor plants without relying on any soil mixtures. Hydroponics come in handy as you can grow your veggies in the corner of your living room without soil. Unlike with the ground that holds plants in place and provides them with nutrients, Growing hydroponically requires you to provide essential nutrients to the plants directly. This method has some benefits which include faster growth rate and also that plants are less likely to become infected because they grow in a disease-free medium and if a plant contracts a disease, it is usually on that single plant and not all of them.
Choose the right plants
You can grow almost any plant indoors as long as it doesn’t grow too big. Nonetheless, it would be much better to look for plants that have similar interests concerning their humidity, lighting, and watering needs. You can grow veggies such as kale, peppers, cherry tomatoes, and onions. Similarly, you can also grow some fruits and flowers such as strawberries, blueberries, and citrus, roses, Shasta daisy, and petunia or herbs such as rosemary, Lavender, chives, and basil among others. The best way to plant is in seed form because outdoor plants can bring forth diseases or pests indoors. Also, plants transferred to your indoor garden at the end of a season tend to require a period of acclimation.
Unlike with outdoor gardens where plants grow naturally from the ground, you will need to water your plants regularly with an indoor garden, especially if you are growing them in containers where they can easily dry out. Use room-temperature water and also ensure you add enough of it such that it drips out of the drain holes on your container. Be sure that your plants are not under or over watered and you can measure the moisture using a moisture meter or other conventional methods such as feeling the soil with your finger. If you happen to be busy or you hardly remember to water the plants, you can automate watering, which helps to water the plants for a certain preset period before shutting off.
You must feed your indoor plants as required because they need varying nutrients to thrive fully. Remember that most of the nutrients in the soil are taken up faster by the plants or may get seeped out as you water the plants. Hydroponic nutrients and organic fertilizers are ideal for adding an extra boost of nutrients to the plants. However, use them as instructed by the manufacturer to ensure you use the recommended amounts and at the right intervals. You can also make a compost tea if you compost at home and use it to water the plants.